Explanation on Festivals

Baisakhi, the Hindu new year is celebrated all over India.  It is very popular festival of Punjab. It is celebrated to mark the harvesting season.  To rejoice the occasion, Bhangra and Gidha dances are performed all over the Punjab.

In Kerala, the festival is know as Vishu.  Known as Bohag Bihu in Assam, the new year is celebrated with music, folk dances and community feasting.

Baisakhi is celebrated as an important day by the Sikhs in Punjab.  It was on this day that Guru Govind Singh founded the Khalsa.  At all Gurudwaras the ‘Granth Sahib’ the holy book of the Sikhs is read from beginning to end and taken out in procession by the Panch Pyaras (five senior Sikhs) who are symbolic of the original leaders.  After this there is a lot of feasting.  In the night the Baisakhi di Raat or Baisakhi da Mela is held in which various folk dances, especially the Bhangra dance is performed and men and women dance to the rhythmic beat of drums.

Tulsi Vivah is the ceremonial marriage of the Tulsi plant (holi basil) to the Vishnu or his Avatar Krishna.  This ceremony can be performed any time between Prabodini Ekadashi-the eleventh lunar day of the bright fortnight of the Hindu month Kartik in the full moon of the month (Kartik Poonima) but usually it is performed on the eleventh or the twelfth lunar day.  The day varies from region to region.  The Tulsi wedding signifies the end of the monsoon and the beginning of the Hindu wedding season.

This is venerated as a goddess in Hinduism and sometimes considered a wife of God Vishnu.  She is often called as Vishnupuria, the beloved of Vishnu.  

According to Hindu scripture, the Tulsi was a woman named Vrinda(Brinda), a synonym of Tulsi.  She was married to the demon King Jalandhar.  Due to her piety and devotion to Vishnu, her husband became invincible.  Even god Shiva, the destroyer in the Hindu Trinity could not defeat Jalandhar.  So Shiva requested Vishnu-the preserver in the Trinity – to find a solution.  Vishni disguised himself as Jalandhar and tricked Vinda.  Her chastity destroyed, Jalandhar was killed by shiva.  Vinda cursed Vishnu to become black in colour and he would be separated from his wife.  Thus, he was transformed into the black Shaligram stone and in his Rama avatar, his wife Sita was kidnapped by a demon-king and thus separated from him.  Vinda then driwned herself in the ocean.  Eventually Jalandar was killed by Shiva.  The Gods or Vishnu transferred her sould to a plant, henceforth which was called as Tulsi.  As a per a blessing by Vishnu to marry Vinda in her next birth, Vishnu in form of Shaligram – married tulsi on Prabodhini Ekadashi.  To commemorate this event, the ceremony of Tulsi ie performed.

Tulsi Vivah is celebrated on Kartik Dwadashi – A day after the Prabodhini Ekadash. The winter wedding season in India is inaugurated with Lord Krishna’s marriage with the sacred Tulsi plant, a symbol of Rukmini’s devotion and love for him.

Why is it considered holy? There are several traditions about this belief. But one that is relevant today and is touching to the heart concerns Lord Krishna’s love story with his consort Rukmini! It is said that when Krishna’s ‘work and duties’ on this earth were done, he was invited by all the gods to return to Devlok, the abode of divine beings. When he was gone, both his wives Satyabhama and Rukmini (Lakshmi) missed him and requested Muni Narada to bring him back! Narada said that Krishna would return only if either of them could outweigh him and offer something heavier than him to the gods. Satyabhama, arrogant and proud of her looks and riches, agreed instantly. Krishna was brought to the earth and asked to sit in one pan of a specially set up weighing scale (Tula) and Satyabhama quickly began to pile the other pan with her wonderful gems and gold and silverware. As she put more and more jewels, the pan in which Krishna was seated weighed heavier and heavier. The arrogant Satyabhama gave up in the end and retired to her palace. 

Rukmini – an incarnation of Lakshmi – came forward, plucked a sprig from the Tulsi plant growing nearby and put it in the pan emptied by Satyabhama, saying, “With all my love and devotion, I weigh this Tulsi sprig against you.” In an instant, the pan dropped, showing that the Tulsi leaves were heavier than Krishna! 

Since then, Tulsi leaves are a symbol of love and devotion and are loved by Krishna or Vishnu (Vithala) and offered to him in every ritual. 


Sant Jalaram Bapa’s Jayanti is a big celebration at Virpur, Gujarat, where Jalaram Bapa’s main mandir is situated.

Shree Jalaram Bapa was born in the year 1799 (i.e. 4-11-1799) in the village Virpur, Gujarat. His mother, Rajbai was very fond serving sadhus and saints.  No sadhu and saint could go from Virpur without receiving the hospitality Rajbai.  Shree Jalaram Bapa’s father’s name was Pradhan Thakkar, who was engaged in business.  At the tender age of 16, Jalaram Bapa married Virbai, daughter of Thakkar Pragji Somajia.  Jalaram Bapa was however not inclined to live household life and to continue to do business with his father.  He is mostly engaged in serving sadhus and saints.  He separated himself from his father’s business and stayed with his uncle.  Valjibhai, who was very fond of Jalaram.

It was obvious that Jalaram Bapa was inclined to completely withdraw from marital life. Fortunately his wife, Virbaima decided to follow the path if Jalaram.  So, when Jalaram decided to go for a pilgrimage for holy places, Virbaima followed him.  At the age of 18, Jalaram Bapa accepted Shree Bhojalram from Fatehpur as guru and was given a “Guru Maha and Mantra” in the name of Shree Ram.  With blessings of his guru, he started “Sadavrat” a feeding centre, a place where all sadhus and saints as well as the needy could have food any time during 24 hours.  Nobody returned from that place without having food.  All this he did single handed with Virbaima assisting him.  Soon his fame spread as an incarnation of the divine.  Whoever come to Virpur, whether Hindu or Muslim was fed by Bapa.